Maltego is a software tool used for open source intelligence and forensics and it was developed
by the company called Parteva. Maltego is an interactive data mining tool that renders directed
graphs for link analysis.
The tool is used in online investigations for finding relationships between pieces of information
from various sources located on the Internet.
This tool is used by the professionals to extract the data from open source.
Maltego is extracting the information like people, groups, Webpages, domains, networks,
internet infrastructure, and affiliations with online services such as Twitter and Facebook.
Among its data sources are DNS records,  whois  records, search engines, online social networks,
various APIs and various meta data.
Mainly the tool is used by security researchers and private investigators.


Nmap is a free command line tool which is used in Linux based operating systems and open-
source network scanner created by Gordon Lyon. Nmap is used by the penetration testers and
ethical hackers to discover hosts and services on a computer network by sending a specially
crafted packets and analyzing the responses. It is most popular on Linux to check live hosts ,
open& closed ports, services and versions in the target network. It has NSE script engine where
we can use this nse scripts for 13 various purposes.

Angry IP Scanner

Angry IP scanner is an open-source software, very fast IP address and port scanner. It can
scan IP addresses in any range as well as any their ports. It is cross-platform and lightweight.
Even this is a Graphical user interface (GUI) tool,, it can be freely copied and used anywhere.


Nessus is a vulnerability scanner tool developed by Tenable, Inc. This is used to find the
vulnerability in infrastructure.
Nessus Professional is a useful and mostly used IT security softwares for improving the integrity
of a network. It is also used in rectifying mistakes such as the incorrect configuration of the
security settings, applying wrong security patches, among others.


Nikto is a free software command-line vulnerability scanner that scans webservers for dangerous
files/CGIs, outdated server software and other problems. It performs generic and server type
specific checks. It also captures and prints any cookies received.

Metasploit framework

Metasploit is a famous tool among Cyber Security experts and it was written in Ruby Language.
Metasploit is a software platform for developing, testing, and executing exploits. It can
be used to create security testing tools and exploit modules. It contains excellent penetration
tools for carrying out penetration testing exercises. IT experts and cybersecurity professionals
use Metasploit to accomplish varying security objectives. Metasploit can test the various security
platforms such as online, web, networks and in servers.
The Metasploit Framework contains a pack of tools that you can use to test security vulnerabilities,
enumerate networks, execute attacks, and evade detection.  Metasploit is commonly used to break into
remote systems or test for a computer system vulnerability.
This framework used to create payloads and we can exploit in the target network.


Wireshark is a free and open-source packet analyzer tool. It is used to monitor the network
traffic. It is used for network troubleshooting, debugging, analysis, software and
communications protocol development. It analyze the packet of more than 600 protocols in the

Burp Suite

Burp Suite is an integrated platform for performing security testing of web applications. It’s a
product of port swigger, which is an integrated platform to test web applications automatedly and
manually using various tools such as intruder, repeater, Decoder etc… Burp Suite acts as a
intercept Proxy.

John The Riper

John the Ripper is a free password cracking software tool. Initially developed for the Unix
operating system, it now runs on fifteen different platforms. It is one of the most frequently used
password testing and breaking programs, it’s having lot of password crackers into one package.
It autodetects password hash types and includes a customizable cracker. It can be run against
various encrypted password formats including several crypt password hash types most
commonly found on various Unix versions


Aircrack-ng is a network software suite consisting of a detector, packet sniffer, WEP and
WPA/WPA2-PSK cracker and analysis tool for 802.11 wireless LANs. This is a tool which is
used to crack the wireless networks. It works with any wireless network interface controller
whose driver supports raw monitoring mode and can sniff 802.11a, 802.11b and 802.11g traffic.

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